Teaching tools for Ebola & public health diseases

Ebola_toy
Credit:Wendie Norris

Band Aid is a tried and tested method of public engagement, bringing Ebola to public attention and giving us all something we can do to help rather than just scaring us. What is also needed here and in West Africa, is education.

For a novel method of education, I bring you Giant Microbes, which are sold as teaching tools. They are soft plush “cuddly” toys, anthropomorphised versions of microscopic images of microbes, and provide information on the microbe and the disease it causes in the attached label. Apparently they are currently sold out!

I own their version of Ebola virus (shown opposite is the actual toy sitting on my desk): its based on the shape of the virus seen in an electron microsopic image. My colleague owns a tuberculosis (TB) virus toy. Bought at a public health conference, the label for my Ebola toy is dated 2004 and describes the symptoms, the 50-90% mortality but also tells me that outbreaks are limited to a few hundred cases. The toy produced now, in 2014, will have a very different set of statistics to present.

The West African outbreak today stands at 14383 cases, with 5165 deaths in 6 countries.

Of those 6 African countries, Nigeria and Senegal have had their Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreaks declared as officially over. [A national EVD outbreak is considered to be over when 42 days (double the 21-day incubation period of the Ebola virus) has elapsed since the last patient in isolation became laboratory negative for EVD].

Last week, my colleague had house-guests.  On seeing the TB “cuddly toy” at home, they asked where was the Ebola one (?) and she was gratified to say “its at work”!  Clearly information on Ebola has successfully entered UK public consciousness.

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Ebola: a “filthy little virus” says Bob Geldorf

Sierra_Leone_National_Ebola_Emergency_Operations_Center _CDC
Sierra Leone National Ebola Emergency Operations Center
Credit: Jennifer Brooks, CDC.


Following
the launch of Band Aid 30, "the Ebola song”, on X-factor [Sunday 16 November 2014], Bob Geldorf did the media rounds on the Monday morning including BBC 5live, to further drive home the message. People are dying from Ebola in West Africa because they are poor, living in countries without the health service infrastructure to stop it in its tracks, and “we are all just a plane ride away from it”.AS of that Monday, you can buy and download the song here via Amazon, Itunes and Google Play, or purchase the CD.

WE at CABI, devoted last month’s focus of the Global Health Knowledge Base e-newsletter to Ebola research.

With the charitable effort of Band Aid 30 ringing in our ears, I thought it timely to highlight another such effort, from researchers, specifically from the Wellcome Trust.

Wellcome Trust: Emergency Ebola initiative
 The Wellcome Trust (WT), the world's second largest private funder  of medical research after Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation,  are funding a multi-million pound emergency research package [Emergency Ebola Initiative] to investigate new approaches to treat, prevent and contain Ebola viral disease, during the current epidemic in West Africa. WT will also support research into the ethical challenges of testing experimental medicines during epidemics, and has a £40 million long-term investment in African science.

One of their anti-Ebola vaccines is being fast-tracked.

Further Reading

A new rapid sequencing method created for Lassa, was applied to Ebola virus, sequencing nearly 100 Ebola patient blood samples In Sierra Leone, within 10 days. The method is also cost-effective, and may help West African nations rapidly and effectively track outbreaks with limited resources. This article is one of the records on CABI's Global Health database.

 

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