One Health is about connectedness: "the collaborative efforts of multiple disciplines working locally, nationally, and globally to attain optimal health for people, animals, plants and our environment”.
On One Health Day, November 3rd 2016, CABI's editors held a One Health (#OneHealth) Blogathon to focus attention, contributing a total of 6 blogs to Handpicked… and Carefully Sorted, each written from the viewpoint of a different sector. Our Plantwise Blog contributed One Health: Plantwise’s ambition to improve the health of people, plants and animals.
We hope you found them informative but your learning need not be confined to our blogs!
Sign up to a free online One Health course from FutureLearn: starts November 7th 2016, runs for 6 weeks. Lecturers are the CABI authors Esther Schelling, Jakob Zinsstag and Bassirou Bonfoh of Swiss Tropical & Public Health Institute.
Esther, Jakob and Bassirou are all authors of chapters in CABI’s book One Health: The Theory and Practice of Integrated Health Approaches . Indeed Esther and Jakob are also co-editors.
FutureLearn courses are easy to follow and well-paced: you get one unit per week. I speak from experience as because of my interest in evidence-based medicine, in October 2015, I took "Informed Health Consumer: Making Sense of Evidence".
I hope you can make use of this One Health course.
Pastoralists, Mongolia. Image courtesy of Esther Schelling, Swiss TPH.
One of a series of blogs written by CABI editors for One Health Day on November 3rd 2016
It's always nice to meet up with a CABI author at a conference especially when they are giving a talk around a theme dear to CABI‘s heart, namely “One Health”: the concept of working across the interface of animal, plant, human and environment to achieve health & development which is sustainable and fair. CABI has been gathering, managing and generating research information across all these sectors since 1912. We know “its all connected”.
The conference was the RSTMH biennial meeting [Cambridge UK, Sept 12-16th, 2016], and the author in question, Esther Schelling, co-editor of CABI’s book One Health: The Theory and Practice of Integrated Health Approaches . To read a free e-chapter, use this link.
In One Health beyond early detection and control of zoonoses Esther talked about her long-time project with nomadic pastoralists in Chad and a rift valley fever (RVF) control project in Kenya. She drew attention to the need for:
- more interdisciplinary studies to include an evaluation of One Health working
- involvement of social scientists
- engagement of key stakeholders
And tellingly she provided a cost-benefit analysis to society of controlling zoonoses when the disease is in its animal host before it infects human beings.
Those cost-benefit analyses made a deep impression on the delegates, many of whom were involved in zoonotic neglected tropical diseases. Perhaps for the first time they were appreciating the added benefits and synergies that a transdisciplinary approach between science, society, humanities and medicine could bring.
Nucleotide sequencing has become a very popular technique for diagnosis and characterization of pathogens and is accessible to most veterinary practices.
A nucleotide sequence provides information on the nature of the pathogen, its source and its main characteristics such as strain, virulence and drug resistance.
Bioinformatics provides tools to gather, store, and analyse these biological sequences, by dissecting and interpreting biological data from different organisms
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in collaboration with the Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics (SIB) have developed a new e-learning course on bioinformatics of animal viruses to improve prevention and control of animal diseases.
The first module entitled "Phylogenetics of Animal Pathogens: Basic Principles and Applications" was released in 2013. Designed as a self-learning module for animal health laboratory staff, it is organized in four chapters: 1) basic notions on phylogenetic trees; Book by Isaac Salazar
2) how to build phylogenetic trees; 3) how to interpret phylogenetic trees, and 4) exercises. Many examples are included such as influenza, Foot-and-Mouth Disease and Peste des Petits Ruminants viruses. The entire course can be completed in approximately 4 hours.
The second module, entitled “BLAST and Multiple Sequence Alignment (MSA) Programs” was released in May 2014. This module is subdivided into two parts that outline two of the main bioinformatics tools that help with the analysis of large sequences: Basic Local Alignment Search Tool (BLAST) and Multiple Sequence Alignment (MSA). This new module requires approx. 2 hours to complete the BLAST chapter and 2 more hours are needed to complete the MSA chapter.